Is Detroit sinking, or is it rising? It's a question I've been wondering about since I was a kid growing up there.                                                              

                      Patina detail, Detroit City

War Dog is a bronze sculpture about the artifice of violence. The dog machine is blind, dumb, worn out. This metal sculpture looks beaten, scratched and repaired but was sculpted to appear that way. 


This sculpture has a story of coincidence and miracle behind it involving the unexpected survival of a tiny dove at a time when I was reading about the history of the Black Madonna. Their stories became intertwined, as they both were Diopetes, the one who falls to earth.


Past, Present, Future

Three bronze masks that reflect the past, present and future. 12"x9" Wall hung